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The Trouble With Android

LXer Linux News - 1 hour 2 min ago
Don’t get me wrong, Android is a beautiful operating system if ever there was one – and dumbed down to the max, which makes it even more beautiful in the minds of many mobile users. Indeed, you can play on an Android device all day without ever even realizing that you’re working with an operating system or even a computer. Just swipe away and see what they’ll try to sell you next.

A free culture event in Pakistan

LXer Linux News - 2 hours 57 min ago
Wiki Loves Monuments is one of the most successful free culture events worldwide. A global photo competition organized by local Wikimedia chapters and groups, it has been running since 2010 and has grown larger each year. For 2014, we speak to Saqib Qayyum from Wikimedia Pakistan about how the event will help promote the commons to new communities.read more

Try GNOME 3.14 Beta 1 with Wayland Without Installing Anything

LXer Linux News - 4 hours 51 min ago
GNOME is working to implement official Wayland support for the upcoming 3.14 release and they seem to be more than half way there. It's difficult to test the new GNOME 3.14 Beta updates that have been made until now, especially with the Wayland integration, but a Reddit user posted a short and easy-to-follow tutorial in this regard.

Can levitating appliances take off?

CNN - Tech News - 5 hours 43 min ago
Ger Jansen is puzzling about how to fit a windshield. His problem is not installing it in a car, but hanging the glass in thin air and keeping it hovering for a prolonged display.

Code for Germany project launches

LXer Linux News - 6 hours 45 min ago
In July 2014, the Open Knowledge Foundation Germany launched Code for Germany! We presented the project to the media, to our international partners, to friends, city representatives and to members of our Advisory Board in advance of the OK Festival in Berlin. It was a pleasure for us to welcome partners, supporters, and members of the program on stage. Among them were Lynn Fine from Code for America, Gabriella Goméz-Mont from the Laboratorio para la Ciudad, Prof. Dr. Gesche Joost from Digital Champion Germany, and Nicolas Zimmer from Technologiestiftung Berlin.read more

Black Lab Linux 5.1 Released

LXer Linux News - 8 hours 40 min ago
Today we are pleased to release the next in the 5 series of Black Lab Linux. Black Lab Linux 5.1 contains many updates, new features and enhancements to the Black Lab Linux distribution.Since this is an incremental release we are also making it available for download immediately instead of waiting the 30 day period in where we normally deliver it.

Mozilla Improving Security Processes After Exposing Developer Data

LXer Linux News - 10 hours 34 min ago
Denelle Dixon-Thayer, senior vice president of business and legal affairs at Mozilla, told eWEEK that the recent incidents have confirmed to Mozilla the importance of a review effort that got started last year. That effort encompasses a full review of Mozilla's practices around data, including the various non-Mozilla projects that Mozilla supports.

Experimental drug alirocumab reduces heart attacks by half

ITWire - 10 hours 46 min ago
An experimental drug called alirocumab has been found to lower cholesterol levels in patients by nearly 50%.     Alirocumab consists of proprotein convertase subtilisin kexin type 9 enzyme, which is now commonly abbreviated PCSK9.    The two drug companies Amgen and Pfizer are developing the drug, and both companies hope to have the drug on the market by 2015.   According to tests on the drug, alirocumab is a cholesterol-lowering drug that lowers bad low-density lipotrotein (bad LDL) cholesterol.    As such, it reduces the risk of cardiovascular death, nonfatal myocardial infarction (heart attack), stroke, and angina.   {loadposition william08}A study called Odyssey Long Term performed in July 2014 of 2,431 participants showed that these people (those taking alirocumab) had less chance of developing serious cardiovascular problems than those people not taking the drug.   More tests are forthcoming to verify the claims of this study.   To learn more about alirocumab, read the Medscape article "Huge Decreases in LDL Cholesterol With Alirocumab: ODYSSEY".   Dr Jennifer Robinson (University of Iowa, Iowa City), the lead investigator of the ODYSSEY Long-Term Study, is quoted in the article.    Based on Robinson, the "the post hoc analysis should be interpreted cautiously but the data at least suggest the researchers are on the right track."   Robinson states, "This is an agent that is doing what we want it to do. It's very encouraging."

Matching databases to Linux distros

LXer Linux News - 12 hours 29 min ago
According to market analysts IDC, Linux accounted for 28.5 percent of all server revenue at the close of 2013. It doesn't surprise anyone that Linux is popular - low support costs and high stability are what Linux is known for. But it is surprising just how many dollars it rakes in - IDC estimates Linux generated $US14.1 billion last year in hardware revenue alone.

Linux has run out of time, or has it?

LXer Linux News - 14 hours 23 min ago
An article in PC Linux magazine suggested that Linux has run out of time to make it on the desktop. This article provides some counterarguments and asks the question "why does it have to be Windows or Linux, why can't it be both?"

Indian Firefox OS phones start at $33

LXer Linux News - 16 hours 17 min ago
Intex and Spice launched the first Firefox OS phones in India using a low-cost Spreadtrum design: the $33 Intex Cloud FX and the $38 Spice Fire One Mi-FX 1. Mozilla announced two new Firefox OS phones in India that have blasted through smartphone price barriers. The two phones, which are the first in Asia to run Mozilla’s Linux- and HTML5-based Firefox OS platform, are priced at a low 1,999 Indian Ruppees ($33) for the Intex Technologies Cloud FX and $2,299 Rs ($38) for the Spice Fire One Mi-FX 1 from Spice Retail Limited. The low-end phones are about a half to a third the price of the most affordable Android phones sold in India.

Top 5 articles of the week: Linux, Hadoop, and NASA

LXer Linux News - 18 hours 12 min ago
Every week, I tally the numbers and listen to the buzz to bring you the best of last week's open source news and stories on Opensource.com.

How to share on linux the output of your shell commands

LXer Linux News - Sun, 08/31/2014 - 23:15
Some time ago I posted an article about shelr.tv a website and a service that was made to allow you to share your terminal records directly from the website. Now the website of shelr.tv seems dead and so I’ve took a look around to see if there are similar websites and I’ve found commands.com. For what I can see from their homepage it’s a service similar to the other, so let’s test it.

Fix Linux display issues

LXer Linux News - Sun, 08/31/2014 - 21:20
Find HorizSync VertRefresh rates to fix Linux display issue – Why my display is stuck at 640×480? I have a NVIDIA GTX460 Graphics card on my current machine and a Acer 22" Monitor. After installing NVIDIA driver, my display was stuck at 640x480 and no matter what I do, nothing fixed it. This is an unusual problem with NVIDIA driver. I am assuming Intel and ATI driver might have similar issues.

NASA's Space Launch System approved for development

ITWire - Sun, 08/31/2014 - 20:40

The Space Launch System (SLS) -- the heavy-lift, rocket under development to take humans beyond Earth orbit and to Mars has been approved to progress from formulation to development stage.

To give some perspective, this is a HUGE rocket. At its maximum configuration, it is capable of lifting 155 tonnes into low Earth orbit (LEO) - which means it could (subject to the obvious difficulties of packing) lift the entire ISS' 450 tonnes into orbit with just 3 full loads.

The Saturn-V, generally regarded as the most powerful rocket to date was able to lift 118 tonnes into low Earth orbit or 45 tonnes to trans-lunar injection.

Having completed a rigorous review of SLS, the project has been approved to proceed to the development phase - something no other launch vehicle has managed since the development of the space shuttle.

"We are on a journey of scientific and human exploration that leads to Mars," said NASA Administrator Charles Bolden. "And we're firmly committed to building the launch vehicle and other supporting systems that will take us on that journey."

{loadposition davidh08}For the initial flight, a version of the SLS will be constructed with the capability to lift 70 tonnes and will carry an uncrewed Orion craft beyond low-Earth orbit.

Image: NASA/MSFC

There are planned to be 5 variants - three crewed and two for cargo only.

NASA's recently completed review is known as Key Decision Point C and includes a process to identity project costs (a little over $US7B) and also a development timeline leading to a flight no later than November 2018.

"Our nation is embarked on an ambitious space exploration program, and we owe it to the American taxpayers to get it right," said Associate Administrator Robert Lightfoot, who oversaw the review process. "After rigorous review, we're committing today to a funding level and readiness date that will keep us on track to sending humans to Mars in the 2030s - and we're going to stand behind that commitment."

"The Space Launch System Program has done exemplary work during the past three years to get us to this point," said William Gerstenmaier, associate administrator for the Human Explorations and Operations Mission Directorate at NASA Headquarters in Washington. "We will keep the teams working toward a more ambitious readiness date, but will be ready no later than November 2018."

"Engineers have made significant technical progress on the rocket and have produced hardware for all elements of the SLS program," said SLS program manager Todd May. "The team members deserve an enormous amount of credit for their dedication to building this national asset."

Image: NASA/MSFC

As with almost all US-based space launch vehicles, the SLS will be assembled vertically and transported to the launch site upright, unlike must Russian vehicles which are assembled horizontally and raised into launch position at the launch site.

{loadposition davidh08}The three primary components of a launch - the launch vehicle (SLS), the crew module (Orion) and the ground systems are being developed independently. In April, the capsule program delivered the first piece of flight hardware for Orion's maiden flight, Exploration Flight Test-1 targeted for December. This stage adapter is of the same design that will be used on SLS's first flight, Exploration Mission-1.

The SLS program is receiving some very strong competition from Elon Musk's SpaceX company which is developing the Falcon range of launchers which although not matching the 70 tonne capacity of the SLS Block 1, is promising significantly lower per-kilogram launch costs.  Comparisons are here.

Which leaves the question, does America need two competing programs, one from the government and one from private industry in the heavy launch category? Only time will tell.

LXer Weekly Roundup for 31-Aug-2014

LXer Linux News - Sun, 08/31/2014 - 19:26
[url=http://lxer.com/team.php][img]http://lxer.com/content/Scott_Ruecker.jpg[/img][/url] [b]LXer Feature: 31-Aug-2014[/b]In the Roundup this week we have Mozilla's new programming language Rust, 14 Raspberry Pi projects, with the 23rd Birthday of Linux on the 25th we have some interesting facts about Linux, did Red Hat’s CTO walk or was he pushed?, what happens when a non-coder tries to learn Linux and a lot more. Enjoy!

Icewind Dale: Enhanced Edition For Linux & Baldur's Gate Enhanced Edition Linux Update

LXer Linux News - Sun, 08/31/2014 - 17:57
Icewind Dale: Enhanced Edition has been announced to much fanfare and it looks like it will be getting a Linux version. Well sort of, maybe, we aren't quite sure. Also there's another small bit of hope for the Baldur's Gate EE Linux version.

Icelandic volcano - an update

ITWire - Sun, 08/31/2014 - 16:35

The volcano Bardarbunga briefly erupted yesterday, temporarily raising the aviation warning state to Red.

We wrote previously of the danger of a new Icelandic volcano eruption and observed that an eruption was considered likely. The structure has now erupted.

At the on-set of the eruption, the Aviation warning was immediately raised to Red, however once the eruption was determined to be lava only, with no explosive ash ejection, the warning level was returned to Orange.

The current eruption fissure, while measured at over 1.5km in length, is not under ice and thus is of significantly less concern. Ice cover could either melt, creating a flood danger for downstream hydro-electric facilities or could inhibit volcanic mass ejection, leading to explosive activity.

{loadposition davidh08}Earthquake activity still exceeds 1000 events per day, with most in the range of 2.5 - 3.0, although larger earthquakes are still regularly detected. The fissure is currently ejecting lava at an estimated rate of 1000 m3/sec.

Following a meeting of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Icelandic Civil Protection, the following information has been made available, summarising the past 24 hours of activity:

Conclusions of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Icelandic Civil Protection:

  • A lava eruption started in Holuhraun shortly after 04 AM, on the same volcanic fissure, which erupted earlier this week. The fissure is estimated to be 1,5 km long. It was detected on Míla´s web-camera at 05:51 AM. Fewer earthquakes seem to follow the event than in the previous eruption, but more lava is being extruded.
  • At 07 AM the lava flow was around 1 km wide and 3 km long towards northeast. The thickness was estimated a few meters, the flow about 1000 m3 pr second.
  • Approximately 500 earthquakes were detected in the area and smaller than before. The strongest earthquake, M3.8 was in the Bárðarbunga caldera. Poor weather conditions prevail in the area, which makes detection of smaller earthquakes difficult.
  • GPS measurements show continued movements north of Dyngjujökull.
  • Gas emissions rise to a few hundred meters above the fissure.
  • Weather conditions make it difficult to follow the progression of the eruption, but scientists are in the area, using every opportunity to acquire information on gas and lava outflow.
  • Weather conditions do not allow overflight at this time. The opportunity to fly over the area will be assessed later today.

Although lava release through the fissure is a good sign; indicating that pressure is being released, it does not necessarily mean that the threat of an ash eruption has passed.

How to change an user password under Linux

LXer Linux News - Sun, 08/31/2014 - 16:13
If you manage a server with many different users or just your family computer you will probably have many different accounts to manage, and one important aspect of any account it’s its password. In this small article I’ll show you how to use the basic passwd command but also how to do some small bash script or use a web application, if you have a more complex environment, such as a central ldap server that keep all your accounts information.

Review: Bruce Schneier's "Carry on"

ITWire - Sun, 08/31/2014 - 15:18

Schneier's second anthology brings his many pearls of wisdom into a single volume.

Following on from his "Schneier on Security" this volume cover's Bruce Schneier's various essays from March 2008 to June 2013. These have appeared in a variety of publications including Wired, Information Security and The Guardian (amongst many others). It is his 13th book.

The title of course is borrowed from the recently discovered WWII catchphrase "Keep Calm and Carry On" and is clearly intended to echo the philosophy of that statement.

As Schneier said when announcing the new volume, "There's nothing in this book that hasn't been published before, and nothing you can't get free off my website. But if you're looking for my recent writings in a convenient-to-carry hardcover-book format, this is the book for you."

Although the Kindle and Nook versions obviously lack the firm well-formed cover!

{loadposition davidh08}In this 157 item collection of 300 - 800 word essays, Bruce writes freely and extensively across a wide range of security issues including the obvious (problems with Anti-Virus) and the less obvious (security on subway systems). The essays are organised into broad categories and delivered chronologically within them.

"You know you've got a problem when you can't tell a hostile attack by another nation from bored kids with an axe to grind."

Clearly many of the articles are dated, while others are effectively duplicated for multiple audiences, but the overall thrust of the book is clear - Schneier is intensely frustrated with Washington and their fierce desire to be re-elected. The appearance of security and the pathological desire to never permit the bad guys to repeat the same attack completely swamps genuine attempts to create real security.

The "I am NOT afraid" campaign echoes this well.

Schneier is also frustrated by the software industry that sees the regular release of updates to be far more important than the security of those releases. "[the marketplace] rewards additional features and timely release dates, even if they come at the expense of quality." Further, "there are no real consequences to the vendors for having bad security or low-quality software."

The more recent essays have turned to the Feudal Internet. We are all vassals to the lords of the Internet and are forced to pledge allegiance to either Google, Apple or Facebook (possibly all three). By these pledges, we take their services for free, but in return must give up all control of our data, our relationships and our likes. Schneier is currently working on a new volume, due for release in February 2015, that will explore this relationship.

It is easy to read each of these essays in the publications as they appear (if you can locate them) or on Schneier's blog, but this approach will leave you looking at individual trees, one at a time. This book gives you the entire forest in one easy volume.

As a thought-provoking, scribble-in-the-margins and highlight-lots-of-text kind of book, this volume is highly recommended.

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by Dr. Radut.